Fleet


New planes to make Group fleet more modern and environmentally friendly

By far the largest asset in the Lufthansa Group’s balance sheet is its fleet of aircraft. It is the core operating asset and at the heart of the value chain in the Group’s airlines. A balanced fleet structure is the basis from which we provide flight capacities in line with demand. The Group fleet is thus largely made up of aircraft manufactured by Airbus and Boeing, as well as by Bombardier and Embraer in the regional segment.

As of the reporting date the Group fleet comprised 710 aircraft with an average age of 10.9 years. Specific fuel consumption fell further by 2.4 per cent to 4.20 litres per 100 pkm in the reporting year thanks to the ongoing modernisation. For example the withdrawal from the segment of 50-seater regional planes adopted in 2009 as part of the Climb 2011 programme to safeguard earnings has been taken to an advanced stage. These smaller aircraft, which are at a disadvantage compared with larger planes in terms of efficiency, have been replaced by the latest, more environmentally friendly models with a much higher seating capacity. This is a key example of how capital expenditure on the fleet actively serves environmental protection – not only by means of lower specific fuel consumption and therefore CO2 emissions, but also by a considerable reduction in the noise footprint.

Group fleet – Number of commercial aircraft and fleet orders

Deutsche Lufthansa AG (LH), SWISS (LX), Austrian Airline, British Midland (bmi), Germanwings (4U), Lufthansa CityLine (CLH), Air Dolomiti (EN), Eurowings (EW) and Lufthansa Cargo (LCAG) as of 31.12.2010

Manufacturer/type

LH

LX

OS

bmi

4U

CLH

EN

EW

LCAG

Group fleet

of which finance lease

of which operating lease

Change compared with 31.12.09

Additions 2011 to 2016

Additional options

1)

Let to Lufthansa regional airlines.

2)

Let to SWISS.

3)

A320 family.

4)

Leased to company outside the Group.

Airbus A300

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

0

 

 

–6

 

 

Airbus A310

24)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

–1

 

 

Airbus A319

30

7

7

11

30

 

 

 

 

85

4

21

+8

14

 

Airbus A320

46

23

8

7

 

 

 

 

 

84

10

5

+5

27

103)

Airbus A321

44

7

6

7

 

 

 

 

 

64

5

5

+1

22

 

Airbus A330

15

16

14)

2

 

 

 

 

 

34

 

7

+4

10

3

Airbus A340

51

13

22)

 

 

 

 

 

 

66

2

2

–1

 

 

Airbus A380

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

 

 

+4

11

5

Boeing 737

63

 

11

14

 

 

 

 

 

88

1

13

–3

 

 

Boeing 747

30

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

30

 

 

20

 

Boeing 767

 

 

6

 

 

 

 

 

 

6

 

2

 

 

Boeing 777

 

 

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

 

 

 

 

Boeing MD-11F

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

18

18

 

 

–1

 

 

Bombardier CRJ

241)

 

3

 

 

40

 

10

 

77

 

10

–13

7

 

Bombardier C-Series

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

0

 

 

30

30

Bombardier Q-Series

 

 

19

 

 

 

 

 

 

19

1

 

–1

 

 

ATR

51)

 

 

 

 

 

8

3

 

16

 

8

–8

 

 

Avro RJ

 

20

 

 

 

16

 

 

 

36

 

17

–2

 

 

BAe 146

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

0

 

 

–8

 

 

Embraer

241)

44)

34)

18

 

 

 

 

 

49

3

8

+10

14

 

Fokker F70

 

 

9

 

 

 

 

 

 

9

1

 

 

 

Fokker F100

 

 

15

 

 

 

 

 

 

15

 

 

 

 

Cessna Citation

42)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

 

 

 

 

Total aircraft

342

90

94

59

30

56

8

13

18

710

27

98

–12

155

48

This continuous modernisation and expansion of the fleet in line with planned future requirements safeguards and enhances our future competitiveness. Our fleet and order policy also allows us to respond as well as possible to the fluctuations in demand that characterise our industry. The majority of the fleet is owned by the Group companies and moreover is financially unencumbered; the proportion of aircraft leased externally is kept low. This permits the Group to draw rapidly on available aircraft at times of strong demand. When demand falls, we can reduce costs by scaling back capacities accordingly. For this reason we arrange for aircraft orders to be delivered in phases. According to demand, we can then decide whether to continue using existing aircraft or to replace them with new ones.

Whereas all deliveries in 2009 served to replace aircraft already in use, new deliveries in the reporting year were again destined for growth. This and expected traffic volumes are the yardstick for the number and size of aircraft ordered. Across the Group long-haul, medium-haul and short-haul planes are ordered depending on where they are to be employed, so that we can deploy the right aircraft for each route served. As the configuration of the aircraft is largely harmonised, this gives us the greatest possible flexibility to deploy them within the airline group.

This creates the necessary flexibility for coordinating capacity with demand in the individual target markets.

As well as ordering new aircraft, we also follow technical developments closely and modify the existing aircraft continuously. This means that the constant renewal of the fleet in terms of fuel consumption, noise emissions and reliability not only takes place via new orders, but is also rolled out consistently to the existing fleet. Lufthansa’s Boeing 737 fleet is being refitted for instance, and adapted to meet current technical standards, see chapter Cutting-edge research projects.

In May 2010 we took delivery of our first Airbus A380-800, the new flagship of our fleet. By the end of the year four A380s had been put into service on routes to Asia and South Africa with high passenger numbers. This ultra-modern aircraft offers favourable unit costs as well as clear benefits for the environment and supports us in our efforts to reduce the specific fuel consumption of the entire fleet sustainably.

The four A380s are just some of a total of 47 new aircraft delivered to the Lufthansa Group in the reporting year. These were mostly short- and medium-haul planes. For 2011 we are currently anticipating delivery of a further 34 aircraft, of which around half will be from the Airbus A320 family.

The Supervisory Board approved orders for a total of 56 new aircraft in 2010: eight wide-bodied Airbus A330s as well as 32 planes from the A320 family and 16 regional aircraft. This takes total orders though to the year 2016 to 155 aircraft, including 20 Boeing 747-8 Intercontinentals, as another ultra-modern wide-bodied jet.

Fleet orders

 

Deliveries

Long-haul fleet

 

11

 

Airbus A380

2011 to 2015

20

 

Boeing 747-8i

2012 to 2015

3

 

Airbus A330

2012

7

 

Airbus A330

2011 to 2013 (SWISS)

Short-haul fleet

 

46

 

Airbus A320 family

2011 to 2015

8

 

Airbus A320 family

2012 to 2014 (Germanwings)

6

 

Airbus A320 family

2011 to 2014 (SWISS)

3

 

Airbus A320 family

2012 (bmi)

Regional fleet

 

30

 

Bombardier C-Series

2014 to 2016 (SWISS)

14

 

Embraer EMB190 family

2011 to 2012

7

 

Bombardier CRJ900

2011

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