Liabilities arising from finance leases are recognised at the present value of the leasing instalments at the time the lease was concluded. Other financial liabilities are recognised at fair value. Liabilities for which interest is not payable at a market rate are recognised at present values.
Measurement in subsequent periods is at amortised cost, using the effective interest rate method for high and low-interest bearing liabilities.
Liabilities in foreign currencies are measured at the exchange rate on the balance sheet date.
Share-based liabilities from option programmes for managers were measured at fair value in accordance with IFRS 2 Share-based Payment. Fair value was measured using a Monte Carlo simulation.
The obligation was recognised on the basis of the resulting fair value, taking the term of the programme into account.
Liabilities from unused flight documents
Until they are used, sold flight documents are recognised as an obligation from unused flight documents. Once a passenger coupon or an airfreight document has been used, the amount carried as a liability is recognised as traffic revenue in the income statement. Coupons that are unlikely to be used are also recognised at the end of the year as traffic revenue in the income statement at their estimated value. The estimate is based on past statistical data.
Obligations under bonus mile programmes
Calculation of the obligations arising from bonus miles programmes is based on several estimates and assumptions.
In accordance with IFRIC 13 Customer Loyalty Programmes, accumulated but as yet unused bonus miles are deferred using the deferred revenue method to the extent that they are likely to be used on flights by airlines in the Lufthansa Group. The fair value of miles accumulated on the Group’s own flights is recognised under deferred revenue and the points collected from third parties are shown under other non-financial liabilities. Fair value is determined as the value for which the miles could be sold separately, i. e. the average yield, taking booking class and traffic region into account.
Miles that are likely to be used on flights with partner airlines are valued at the price per mile to be paid to the partners in question.
No provisions are recognised for miles that are expected to lapse. The quota of miles that have been allowed to lapse in the past is used to estimate the number of miles that will probably lapse subject to current expiry rules.
A total of 201 billion miles were to be measured as of 31 December 2011. EUR 620m (previous year: EUR 605m) of the resulting obligations were recognised in other non-financial liabilities and EUR 987m (previous year: EUR 944m) in deferred revenue, see and .